Trochus niloticus   Linnaeus, 1767

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Trochus niloticus
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | CoL | ITIS | WoRMS

Gastropoda | Archaeogastropoda | Trochidae | Trochinae

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Benthic; depth range 0 - 20 m (Ref. 349).  Tropical; 32°N - 25°S, 45°E - 171°E (Ref. 81851)

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions

Indo-Pacific: from Madagascar, Sri Lanka, Andaman and Nicobar Islands, to as far east as French Polynesia, north to southern Japan and Hawaii, and south to Australia.

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 15.0 cm SHH male/unsexed; (Ref. 349); common length : 11.0 cm SHL male/unsexed; (Ref. 349)

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

It is the most economically important gastropod species in the tropical West Pacific. It is both an important traditional food and a leading export item used as a source of mother-of-pearl material for buttons and jewelry. Many small sized artisanal fisheries for meat and shell exist in other islands of the area. Due to severe and frequent overfishing, management policies are often adopted and aquaculture trials are under way (Ref. 349). Maximum depth from Ref. 799. Typically found in shallow, high energy portions of the reefs. Feeds on filamentous algae and generally avoids bottoms of sand and living corals. Population density generally decreasing in deeper areas, while the mean size of individuals increases (Ref. 349). Breeding period is marked by spring tides with external fertilization and nocturnal spawning (Ref. 81851). The presence of sperm induce female spawning (Ref. 81851).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Breeding period is marked by spring tides with external fertilization and nocturnal spawning.

Main reference References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Poutiers, J.M. 1998. (Ref. 349)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 119314)


CITES status (Ref. 108899)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless

Human uses

Fisheries: commercial
FAO(fisheries: production) | FishSource | Sea Around Us

More information

Common names
Synonyms
Predators
Reproduction
Maturity
Spawning
Fecundity
Eggs
Egg development
Age/Size
Growth
Length-weight
Length-length
Morphology
Larvae
Abundance
References
Mass conversion

Internet sources

BHL | BOLD Systems | CISTI | DiscoverLife | FAO(fisheries: ; publication : search) | GenBank (genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | ispecies | PubMed | Tree of Life | Wikipedia (Go, Search) | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 26.3 - 29.3, mean 28.7 (based on 2725 cells).
Resilience (Ref. 69278)
Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.)
Vulnerability (Ref. 71543)
Low vulnerability (10 of 100)
Price category (Ref. 80766)
Unknown