Demospongiae | Hadromerida
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Sessile; brackish; depth range 1 - 20 m (Ref. 108813). Tropical
Western Central Atlantic.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 7.0 cm WD male/unsexed; (Ref. 415)
Globular, up to about 7 cm in diameter. Emerald to drab green, occasionally orange externally, lighter to orange internally. Tough, somewhat compressible. Verrucose surface. Volcano shaped oscules with transparent membranes less than 0.5 cm wide. Some specimens are covered with thin processes, and occasionally with buds (Ref. 415).
Common in mangrove and seagrass beds (Ref. 415). Members of the class Demospongiae are hermaphroditic. Life cycle: The zygote develops into parenchymella larva (free-swimming) before settling down on a substrate where it grows into a young sponge (Ref. 833).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Members of the class Demospongiae are hermaphroditic. Life cycle: The zygote develops into parenchymella larva (free-swimming) before settling down on a substrate where it grows into a young sponge.
Collin, R., M.C. DâÂ¡az, J. Norenburg, R.M. Rocha, J.A. SâÃnchez, M. Schulze, A. Schwartz and A. Valdââs. 2005. (Ref. 415)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
| FishSource |
Estimates of some properties based on models
): 23.8 - 28.3, mean 27.2 (based on 413 cells).
Low vulnerability (10 of 100)