Polyplacophora | Lepidopleurida
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Benthic; depth range 0 - 200 m (Ref. 2754). Subtropical
Eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean: European coast until Israel.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 2.5 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 340)
Body: elongated; more than twice as long as it is wide. Valves and narrow girdle: Dirty white to light ochre in color. Lateral areas: Highly elevated and marked with concentric ridges. Central areas: Longitudinal chains of granules (Ref. 340).
Minimum depth based from Ref. 289; to be replaced with a better reference. Intertidal to 40 m (Ref. 289). Supralittoral and mediolittoral zones at depths up to 200 m (Ref. 2754). Members of the class Polyplacophora are mostly gonochoric. Life cycle: Eggs hatch into lecitotrophic planktonic trocophore larvae (no veliger stage) which later metamorphose and settle on the bottom as young adults (Ref. 833).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Members of the class Polyplacophora are mostly gonochoric. Life cycle: Eggs hatch into lecitotrophic planktonic trocophore larvae (no veliger stage) which later metamorphose and settle on the bottom as young adults.
Burghardt, G. and L. Burghardt. 2006. (Ref. 340)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 119314)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
| FishSource |
Estimates of some properties based on models
): 13.3 - 19.2, mean 15.3 (based on 146 cells).
Low vulnerability (10 of 100)