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Todarodes sagittatus   (Lamarck, 1798)

European flying squid

Native range | All suitable habitat | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Todarodes sagittatus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Todarodes sagittatus (European flying squid)
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Cephalopoda | Teuthida | Ommastrephidae | Todarodinae
Common names | Synonyms | CoL | ITIS | WoRMS

Main reference
Schneider, W. 1990. (Ref. 417)
References | Biblio | Coordinator | Collaborators

Size / Weight / Age
Max length : 75.0 cm ML male/unsexed; (Ref. 3722)

Pelagic; depth range 20 - 1947 m (Ref. 81305)

Climate / Range
Tropical; 85°N - 16°N, 55°W - 70°E (Ref. 81305)

North and Northeast Atlantic, Barents Sea to Iceland and South to Bermuda Island, Madeira and Canary Islands to Northwest African coast and the Mediterranean.
Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Common mantle length ranges between 25 and 35 cm (Ref. 3722). In the Mediterranean Sea no individual was caught in the hauls taken above a depth of 100 m (Ref. 81305). However, studies carried out in Norwegian waters indicated that it occurs in coastal and bank areas 80-200 m and even more superficially at 20-100 m (Ref.81307). It was also observed from the North Atlantic Ridge at a depth of 1947 m (Ref. 81308) Occurs from the surface to a depth of 1000 m (Ref. 417). Members of the class Cephalopoda are gonochoric. Male and female adults usually die shortly after spawning and brooding, respectively. Mating behavior: Males perform various displays to attract potential females for copulation. During copulation, male grasp the female and inserts the hectocotylus into the female's mantle cavity where fertilization usually occurs. Life cycle: Embryos hatch into planktonic stage and live for some time before they grow larger and take up a benthic existence as adults (Ref. 833).

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 96402)

CITES status (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

Human uses
Fisheries: commercial
FAO(fisheries: production) | FIRMS (Stock assessments) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us |

More information

FAO areas
Food items

Internet sources
BHL | BOLD Systems | Check for other websites | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | DiscoverLife | FAO(fisheries: ; publication : search) | GenBank (genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | ispecies | National databases | PubMed | Scirus | Sea Around Us | FishBase | Tree of Life | uBio | uBio RSS | Wikipedia (Go, Search) | Zoological Record

Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models

Vulnerability (Ref. 71543)
Moderate to high vulnerability (50 of 100)
Price category (Ref. 80766)