Bivalvia | Arcoida
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Benthic; depth range 0 - 50 m. Tropical
Indo-West Pacific: from East Africa, including the Red Sea and the Persian Gulf to Papua New Guinea; north to Japan and south to Queensland.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 8.5 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 348); common length : 7.5 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 348)
Half-buried in fine to medium sand bottoms, with abundant fragmental shell material and subject to the effects of currents and wave action. Littoral and sublittoral (Ref. 348). Members of the class Bivalvia are mostly gonochoric, some are protandric hermaphrodites. Life cycle: Embryos develop into free-swimming trocophore larvae, succeeded by the bivalve veliger, resembling a miniature clam (Ref. 833).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Members of the class Bivalvia are mostly gonochoric, some are protandric hermaphrodites. Life cycle: Embryos develop into free-swimming trocophore larvae, succeeded by the bivalve veliger, resembling a miniature clam.
Poutiers, J.M. 1998. (Ref. 348)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
| FishSource |
Estimates of some properties based on models
): 23.8 - 29.1, mean 28.1 (based on 1288 cells).
Low vulnerability (10 of 100)