Todarodes pacificus   (Steenstrup, 1880)

Japanese flying squid

Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Todarodes pacificus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | CoL | ITIS | WoRMS

Cephalopoda | Teuthida | Ommastrephidae | Todarodinae

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Pelagic; oceanodromous (Ref. 75927); depth range 0 - 500 m (Ref. 275), usually 0 - 100 m (Ref. 275).  Temperate; 5°C - 27°C (Ref. 275), preferred 9°C (Ref. 107945); 63°N - 18°N, 110°E - 135°W (Ref. 275)

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions

Northern and Western Pacific and Northeast Atlantic.

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 50 cm ML (female); common length : 30.0 cm ML male/unsexed; (Ref. 97142); max. published weight: 500.00 g (Ref. 275)

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Common weight: 100 to 300 g (Ref. 275). Depth range is 36 to 184 m; and temperature is 12 to 20┬░C in Ref. 75927. Fished with jigging machines, demersal trawls, purse seines and set nets (Ref. 81298). Lives in surface waters of open oceans and coastal areas (Ref. 843). Feeds on myctophids, anchovies, crustaceans, gastropod larvae, chaetognaths (Ref. 275). Members of the class Cephalopoda are gonochoric. Male and female adults usually die shortly after spawning and brooding, respectively. Mating behavior: Males perform various displays to attract potential females for copulation. During copulation, male grasp the female and inserts the hectocotylus into the female's mantle cavity where fertilization usually occurs. Life cycle: Embryos hatch into planktonic stage and live for some time before they grow larger and take up a benthic existence as adults (Ref. 833). Spawning id from January to March (Ref. 81298).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Members of the class Cephalopoda are gonochoric. Male and female adults usually die shortly after spawning and brooding, respectively. Mating behavior: Males perform various displays to attract potential females for copulation. During copulation, male grasp the female and inserts the hectocotylus into the female's mantle cavity where fertilization usually occurs. Life cycle: Embryos hatch into planktonic stage and live for some time before they grow larger and take up a benthic existence as adults.

Main reference References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Roper, C.F.E., M.J. Sweeney and C.E. Nauen. 1984. (Ref. 275)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES status (Ref. 108899)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

Human uses

Fisheries: commercial
FAO(fisheries: production) | FishSource | Sea Around Us

More information

Countries
FAO areas
Ecosystems
Occurrences
Introductions
Stocks
Ecology
Diet
Food items
Common names
Synonyms
Predators
Reproduction
Maturity
Spawning
Fecundity
Eggs
Egg development
Age/Size
Growth
Length-weight
Length-length
Morphology
Larvae
Abundance

Internet sources

BHL | BOLD Systems | CISTI | DiscoverLife | FAO(fisheries: species profile; publication : search) | GenBank (genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | ispecies | PubMed | Scirus | Tree of Life | uBio | uBio RSS | Wikipedia (Go, Search) | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 7.7 - 23.4, mean 18.3 (based on 366 cells).
Resilience (Ref. 69278)
High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.)
Vulnerability (Ref. 71543)
Low vulnerability (10 of 100)
Price category (Ref. 80766)
Medium