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Portunus spinicarpus   (Stimpson, 1871)

longspine swimming crab

Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Portunus spinicarpus  AquaMaps  Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Portunus spinicarpus
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drawing shows typical species in this Family.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | CoL | ITIS | WoRMS

Malacostraca | Decapoda | Portunidae

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Benthopelagic; depth range 2 - 550 m (Ref. 101460), usually 5 - 55 m (Ref. 104089).  Tropical; 36°N - 36°S, 98°W - 34°W

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions

Western Atlantic Ocean. North Carolina to Florida and Gulf of Mexico, and the West Indies to Uruguay. Subtropical to tropical.

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 4.3 cm CW male/unsexed; (Ref. 93549)

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Carapace width range: 0.55 to 4.29 cm (Ref. 93549). Minimum depth range from Ref. 104089. Usually in deep waters (Ref. 101460). Benthopelagic (Ref. 97531). Lives in soft bottoms (Ref. 104231), in sand and mud bottoms (Ref. 104481). Also found among broken shells and corals (Ref. 104481). In general, portunid crabs are reported to be mainly carnivorous (Ref. 72665). Feeds on polychaetes (Ref. 104232). Members of the order Decapoda are mostly gonochoric. Mating behavior: Precopulatory courtship ritual is common (through olfactory and tactile cues); usually indirect sperm transfer (Ref. 833).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Members of the order Decapoda are mostly gonochoric. Mating behavior: Precopulatory courtship ritual is common (through olfactory and tactile cues); usually indirect sperm transfer.

Main reference References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Bisby, F.A., M.A. Ruggiero, K.L. Wilson, M. Cachuela-Palacio, S.W. Kimani, Y.R. Roskov, A. Soulier-Perkins and J. van Hertum. 2005. (Ref. 19)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)


CITES status (Ref. 108899)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

Human uses


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More information

Common names
Synonyms
Predators
Reproduction
Maturity
Spawning
Fecundity
Eggs
Egg development
Age/Size
Growth
Length-weight
Length-length
Morphology
Larvae
Abundance

Internet sources

BHL | BOLD Systems | CISTI | DiscoverLife | FAO(Publication : search) | GenBank (genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | ispecies | PubMed | Tree of Life | Wikipedia (Go, Search) | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 22.9 - 28, mean 26.3 (based on 612 cells).
Price category (Ref. 80766)
High