Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Benthic; brackish; depth range 0 - 2 m (Ref. 87155). Subtropical; 27°C - 28°C (Ref. 87155); 36°N - 29°S, 98°W - 34°W
Western Atlantic: Canada to North Carolina, Florida, Texas, West Indies, Venezuela, Suriname, Brazil (Amapa to Santa Catarina).
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm 3.0  range ? - ? cm
Depth range from Belize (Ref. 87155). Minimum depth based on its ecology (Ref.104470). Typically found in calm waters (Ref. 105409). Dominates confined areas of mangrove swamps. Lives deeply burrowed in reducing mud (Ref. 104215). Also in sandy-muddy sediments burrowing from 10 to 20 cm (Ref. 104470). Strictly filter-feeder (Ref. 104242), specifically a suspension feeder (Ref. 105409). In general, suspension feeding bivalves mainly depend on phytoplankton and detritus material for nutrition (Ref. 107088). Life cycle: Embryos develop into free-swimming trocophore larvae, succeeded by the bivalve veliger, resembling a miniature clam (Ref. 833).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Life cycle: Embryos develop into free-swimming trocophore larvae, succeeded by the bivalve veliger, resembling a miniature clam (Ref. 833).
Turgeon, D.D., J.F. Quinn Jr., A.E. Bogan, E.V. Coan, F.G. Hochberg, W.G. Lyons, P.M. Mikkelsen, R.J. Neves, C.F.E. Roper, G. Rosenberg, B. Roth, A. Scheltema, F.G. Thompson, M. Vecchione and J.D. Willams. 1998. (Ref. 1667)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
| FishSource |
Estimates of some properties based on models
): 26.5 - 28.3, mean 27.4 (based on 306 cells).