Gastropoda | Littorinimorpha
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Benthic; depth range 2 - 55 m (Ref. 83435). Tropical; 34°N - 21°S, 94°E - 29°E (Ref. 83435)
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 23.1 cm DL male/unsexed; (Ref. 83435); common length : 16.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 355)
Shell of medium size, shape extremely variabe, sculpture of projecting nodules on shoulder. Aperture flared in mature specimens, sometimes with very thick lip. Colour: internal shell white, sometimes glazed or metallic-like; shell externally cream to brown, frequently flecked with other hues.
Maximum depth from Ref. 109264. Lives on sand in meadows of seagrass or, less frequently, brown algae (Ref. 355). Development includes a long-lasting, planktotrophic stage (Ref. 355).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Development includes a long-lasting, planktotrophic stage.
Leal, J.H. 2003. (Ref. 355)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
| FishSource |
Estimates of some properties based on models
): 25.4 - 28, mean 27 (based on 206 cells).