Bivalvia | Ostreoida
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Benthic; brackish; depth range 0 - 15 m (Ref. 348). Subtropical; 15°C - 30°C (Ref. 76803), preferred 13°C (Ref. 107945); 48°N - 30°N, 126°E - 148°E
Northwest Pacific. Introduced in the Pacific, Atlantic and the Mediterranean.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 45.0 cm SHH male/unsexed; (Ref. 348); common length : 15.0 cm SHH male/unsexed; (Ref. 348)
A major commercial species. Introduced for aquaculture in many countries. However experimental plantings in tropical western Pacific Islands often failed, apparently because of the sustained high temperature of the water (Ref. 348). Littoral and circalittoral rock and other hard substrata as well as littoral and sublittoral sediments (Ref. 1314). It is a sessile-burrower, suspension feeder (Ref. 96498).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Poutiers, J.M. 1998. (Ref. 348)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
FAO(Aquaculture: production, fisheries: production) | FishSource | Sea Around Us
Estimates of some properties based on models
): 7.4 - 22.6, mean 16 (based on 334 cells).
Low to moderate vulnerability (35 of 100)