Aves | Ciconiiformes
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Indo-West Pacific, Atlantic Ocean, Mediterranean and European Inland Waters: Europe, Africa, Asia.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 26.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 8812); max. published weight: 101.00 g (Ref. 356)
Culmen: 3.4 cm; wing: 25.0 cm.
Total Length: 25 to 26 cm; Wingspan: 69 cm (Ref. 8812). Dipping; coastal (Ref. 356).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Lepage, D. 2007. (Ref. 7816)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
| FishSource |
Estimates of some properties based on models
): 15.5 - 29.2, mean 28 (based on 3631 cells).
Low vulnerability (16 of 100)