Bivalvia | Arcoida
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Benthic; depth range 0 - 25 m (Ref. 348). Tropical
Indo-Pacific: Eastern Africa to Japan, Australia, eastern Polynesia and Hawaii.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 10.5 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 348); common length : 7.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 348)
Shell inequivalve, solid, inequilateral, obliquely ovate and elongate in outline, with an extended posteroventral part. Umbones much inflated, situated rather forwards, cardinal area narrow and elongate. About 40 radial ribs (35 to 44) at each valve; ribs usually with a narrow median groove on top, most visible towards the anterior ventral margin of valves in mature specimens. Periostracum coarse and velvety, often eroded on umbones. Internal margins with strong crenulations corresponding with the external radial ribs. No byssal gape. Colour: outside of shell greyish white, often stained darker grey on umbonal and posterior areas; periostracum dark brown. Inner side white, sometimes light yellow in the umbonal cavity.
Common on sand (Ref. 75831) and muddy bottoms at intertidal and sublittoral depths to 25 m (Refs. 348, 75831). Members of the class Bivalvia are mostly gonochoric, some are protandric hermaphrodites. Life cycle: Embryos develop into free-swimming trocophore larvae, succeeded by the bivalve veliger, resembling a miniature clam (Ref. 833).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Members of the class Bivalvia are mostly gonochoric, some are protandric hermaphrodites. Life cycle: Embryos develop into free-swimming trocophore larvae, succeeded by the bivalve veliger, resembling a miniature clam.
Poutiers, J.M. 1998. (Ref. 348)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
| FishSource |
Estimates of some properties based on models
): 24.7 - 29.3, mean 28.4 (based on 3745 cells).
Low vulnerability (10 of 100)