Demospongiae | Verongida
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Sessile; brackish; depth range 3 - 35 m (Ref. 415). Tropical
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Massive to lobate. Surface has knob-shaped conules; 0.3 - 0.4 cm high; up to 1 cm apart. Dense like cheese. Oscules with membranes; 1 - 2 cm wide; on top of lobes (Ref. 415). External is usually bicolored but highly variable at purple, greenish, red-brown, orange or bright yellow. Internal color is bright lemon yellow. Exudate is dark; turns bluish after air exposure for about an hour.
Maximum depth from Ref. 108813. Common in reefs (Ref. 85482) and sea grass (Ref. 415). Also found in mangroves (Ref. 86836). Hosts alpheid shrimps in its canals (Ref. 86626). Members of the class Demospongiae are hermaphroditic. Life cycle: The zygote develops into parenchymella larva (free-swimming) before settling down on a substrate where it grows into a young sponge (Ref. 833).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Members of the class Demospongiae are hermaphroditic. Life cycle: The zygote develops into parenchymella larva (free-swimming) before settling down on a substrate where it grows into a young sponge.
Collin, R., M.C. Díaz, J. Norenburg, R.M. Rocha, J.A. Sánchez, M. Schulze, A. Schwartz and A. Valdés. 2005. (Ref. 415)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
| FishSource |
Estimates of some properties based on models
): 23.5 - 28, mean 26.5 (based on 290 cells).