Holothuroidea | Molpadida
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Benthic; depth range 0 - 330 m (Ref. 81020). Tropical
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 15.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 118)
Reported from India, Thailand, Indonesia, Philippines and Australia. Lives in slightly less saline waters (Ref. 118).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Members of the class Holothuroidea are gonochoric and have only one gonad. Spawning and fertilization are both external and some exhibit brooding. Life cycle: Embryos develop into planktotrophic larvae (auricularia) then into doliolaria (barrel-shaped stage) which later metamorphose into juvenile sea cucumbers.
UNEP-WCMC. 2003. (Ref. 97)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
| FishSource |
Estimates of some properties based on models
): 16.4 - 28.2, mean 25.9 (based on 1132 cells).
Low vulnerability (10 of 100)