Iphigenia brasiliana (Lamarck, 1818)
giant false donax
Iphigenia brasiliana
photo by FAO

Family:  Donacidae (donax clams)
Max. size: 
Environment:  benthic; marine; depth range 6 - 20 m
Distribution:  Western Atlantic: USA to Brazil.
Diagnosis:  Shell wedge-shaped, heavy, moderately inflated, with rhomboidal outline. Shell surface smooth. Posterodorsal slope somewhat flat. Pallial sinus large. Hinge with 2 lateral teeth (1 bifid) on each valve, lateral teeth absent. Umbones slightly posterior. Periostracum thin, glossy. Colour: tan cream with purple umbonal region; periostracum brown (Ref. 344).
Biology:  It has a total length of 6.5 cm (Ref. 344). Combination depth range: min from literature, max from estimate. It is found infaunal in shallow sandy bottoms (Ref. 344). Infaunal (Ref. 104365). Members of the class Bivalvia are mostly gonochoric, some are protandric hermaphrodites. Life cycle: Embryos develop into free-swimming trocophore larvae, succeeded by the bivalve veliger, resembling a miniature clam (Ref. 833).
IUCN Red List Status: Not Evaluated (N.E.) Ref. (123251)
Threat to humans: 
Country info:   

Entered by: Conejar - Espedido, Jeniffer - 11.12.05
Modified by: Polido, Rubyann Robelle - 27.10.17

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