Macrophiothrix nereidina (Lamarck, 1816)
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Family:  Ophiodermatidae ()
Max. size:  2 cm WD (male/unsexed)
Environment:  reef-associated; marine; depth range 0 - 70 m
Distribution:  Indo-West Pacific: East Africa to Japan and Australia.
Biology:  Maximum arm length: 20.0 cm. Occurs among branching corals and in crevices at depths of 0 to 70 m. Feeds by suspension feeding (Ref. 800). Members of the class Ophiuroidea are mostly gonochoric, others are protandric. Fertilization is external. Brooding is common, bursae is used as brood chambers where the embryos develop into juveniles and later crawl out from the bursal slits. Life cycle: Embryos hatch into free-swimming planktotrophic larvae and later metamorphose into tiny brittle stars which sink down the bottom where they grow into adult form (Ref. 833).
IUCN Red List Status: Not Evaluated (N.E.) Ref. (120744)
Threat to humans:  harmless
Country info:   

Entered by: Pan-Saniano, Marianne - 21.03.06
Modified by: Sorongon-Yap, Patricia - 03.06.11

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