Lithodes santolla (Molina, 1782)
Southern king crab
No Picture Available

Family:  Lithodidae (stone and king crabs), subfamily: Lithodinae
Max. size:  19 cm CL (male/unsexed); max.weight: 800.0 g
Environment:  benthic; marine; depth range 0 - 700 m
Distribution:  Southeast Pacific and Southwest Atlantic: from Chile (Talcahuano to Cape Horn), Falkland Islands, Argentina and Uruguay. Subtropical and temperate.
Biology:  Restricted to deeper waters (Ref. 2786). Intraspecific predation observed in its early stages (Ref. 104081). Juveniles are observed to form aggregations known as "pods" on large kelp Macrocystis pyrifera. Young individuals are found around the holdfasts and stipes of this kelp (Ref. 104212) as well as on rocky bottoms in the subtidal nearshore (Ref. 104371). Juveniles are voracious and opportunistic omnivorous predators (Ref. 104371). Scavenger and predator (Ref. 113323). Life cycle: Females begin molting in late November to early December. Fertilization occurs right after oviposition. Embryogenesis lasts 9-10 months. Larval hatching occurs between mid-September and October. Embryos develop into lecithotrophic or facultative larvae, which passes through three zoeal and one megalopal stages, and later metamorphoses to the first benthic crab stage. Mating behavior: A precopulatory embrace occurs between an old-shelled male and a recently molted female. Females carry 5500-60000 eggs (Ref. 93013).
IUCN Red List Status: Not Evaluated (N.E.) Ref. (120744)
Threat to humans:  harmless
Country info:   

Entered by: Pan-Saniano, Marianne - 23.03.07
Modified by: Parducho, Vina Angelica - 07.05.13

Source and more info: For personal, classroom, and other internal use only. Not for publication.

php script by sortiz, 10/02/17 ,  last modified by sortiz, 10/02/17