Ircinia campana (Lamarck, 1816)
vase garlic sponge
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Family:  Irciniidae ()
Max. size:  0.5 cm H (male/unsexed)
Environment:  reef-associated; brackish; marine; depth range 3 - 30 m
Distribution:  Western Atlantic and Mediterranean Sea.
Diagnosis:  Vase shaped. Reddish brown externally, tan internally. Oscules: 0.1 - 0.5 cm wide, only on the inner side. Surface conulose: 0.1 - 0.5 cm high; 2 - 9 m apart. Compressible in consistency, tough to cut (Ref. 415). May also be cup- or bowl-shaped; cylindrical forms rather than widening upward possible. Cup sides may be of unequal heights. Conules on the inner surface of the cup distinctly lower and crowded. Weak to well-developed vertical ribs or ridges on outer surface possible, surface may appear almost smooth. Rubbery. Exudate absent (Ref. 85482).
Biology:  Rare on mangroves (Ref. 415), but common on shallow hard grounds, seagrass beds, and inshore reefs (Ref. 85482). Members of the class Demospongiae are hermaphroditic. Life cycle: The zygote develops into parenchymella larva (free-swimming) before settling down on a substrate where it grows into a young sponge (Ref. 833).
IUCN Red List Status: Not Evaluated (N.E.) Ref. (123251)
Threat to humans: 
Country info:   
 

Entered by: Dar, Christine - 11.12.05
Modified by: Sorongon-Yap, Patricia - 29.11.16

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