Ecology of Pallenopsis spinipes
 
Main Ref. Bisby, F.A., M.A. Ruggiero, K.L. Wilson, M. Cachuela-Palacio, S.W. Kimani, Y.R. Roskov, A. Soulier-Perkins and J. van Hertum, 2005
distribution
Marine - Neritic
  • supra-littoral zone
  • littoral zone
  • sublittoral zone
Marine - Oceanic
  • epipelagic
  • mesopelagic
  • epipelagic
  • abyssopelagic
  • hadopelagic
Brackishwater
  • estuaries/lagoons/brackish seas
  • mangroves
  • marshes/swamps
Freshwater
  • rivers/streams
  • lakes/ponds
  • caves
  • exclusively in caves
Highighted items on the list are where Pallenopsis spinipes may be found.
Remarks Shelf to slope (Ref. 19).

Substrate

Substrate Benthic: mobile;
Substrate Ref.
Special habitats
Special habitats Ref.

associations

Ref. Bisby, F.A., M.A. Ruggiero, K.L. Wilson, M. Cachuela-Palacio, S.W. Kimani, Y.R. Roskov, A. Soulier-Perkins and J. van Hertum, 2005
associations
Associated with
Association remarks
Parasitism

feeding

feeding type
feeding type ref
feeding habit
feeding habit ref
trophic level(s)
original sample unfished population Remark
estimation method Troph s.e. Troph s.e.
From diet composition
Ref.
From individual food items
(e.g. 9948)
(e.g. cnidaria)
Entered by Dar, Christine on 08.17.06
Modified by Polido, Rubyann Robelle on 06.25.15
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