Balaenoptera physalus   (Linnaeus, 1758)

fin whale
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Balaenoptera physalus
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | CoL | ITIS | WoRMS

Mammalia | Cetacea | Balaenopteridae

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Pelagic; oceanodromous (Ref. 75906); depth range 200 - 230 m (Ref. 1005).  Tropical; 90°N - 90°S, 180°W - 180°E

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions

Circumglobal except the Arctic: Balaenoptera physalus physalus: Svalbard, Barents Sea, North Carolina, Portugal, Cantabrian Sea, Newfoundland, Gulf of Mexico, Greater Antilles, Faroe Islands, Norway, Canary Islands, Sea of Okhotsk, Kuril Islands, Bering Sea, Chukchi Sea, Gulf of Alaska, Sea of Japan, Japan, Taiwan, Ogasawara, Hawaii, California, Baja California, Gulf of California; Balaenoptera physalus quoyi: Ross Ice Shelf, Brazil, Gabon, Angola, Namibia, South Africa, Madagascar, Western Australia, New Zealand, Colombia, Peru, Chile (Ref. 1522).

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 2,700 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 1394); max. published weight: 75.0 t (Ref. 1394)

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

The largest of the fin whales. Seen near shore, most commonly where deep water approaches the coast. Feeds on small invertebrates, schooling fishes, and squid. They are active lunge feeders (Ref. 1394). They are preyed upon by great white sharks (Ref. 32140). Following depletion of blue whale stocks, whalers shifted their attention to fin whales. Populations everywhere were substantially reduced. At present the worldwide population does not seem to appear in any immediate danger (Ref. 1394). Seen near shore, most commonly where deep water approaches the coast (Ref. 1394). Commonly in groups of 2 to 7 individuals (Ref. 801). Feeds on small invertebrates, schooling fishes, and squid. They are active lunge feeders (Ref. 1394).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Jefferson, T.A., S. Leatherwood and M.A. Webber. 1993. (Ref. 1394)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

  Endangered (EN) (A1d)

CITES status (Ref. 108899)

Threat to humans

Human uses

Fisheries: commercial
FAO(fisheries: production) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

More information

Common names
Synonyms
Predators
Reproduction
Maturity
Spawning
Fecundity
Eggs
Egg development
Age/Size
Growth
Length-weight
Length-length
Morphology
Larvae
Abundance
References
Mass conversion

Internet sources

BHL | BOLD Systems | CISTI | DiscoverLife | FAO(fisheries: species profile; publication : search) | GenBank (genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | ispecies | PubMed | Scirus | Tree of Life | uBio | uBio RSS | Wikipedia (Go, Search) | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Vulnerability (Ref. 71543)
Very high vulnerability (90 of 100)
Price category (Ref. 80766)
Unknown