Vampyroteuthis infernalis

vampire squid

Native range | All suitable habitat | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Vampyroteuthis infernalis   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Classification
Cephalopoda | Vampyromorphida | Vampyroteuthidae
Common names | Synonyms | CoL | ITIS | WoRMS

Main reference
. . (Ref. 1667)
References | Biblio | Coordinator | Collaborators

Size / Weight / Age
Max length : 13.0 cm ML male/unsexed; (Ref. 96968)

Environment
Pelagic; depth range 600 - 1200 m (Ref. 78748)

Climate / Range
Tropical

Distribution
Circumglobal in tropical and temperate waters.
Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

One type of a living fossil which showed very little change since it first appeared. The species could turn itself 'inside out' to avoid predators. Inhabits deep waters of open oceans (Ref. 843). Depths range from 600 to 1,200 m. This is a mid-water species. The long filaments in pits between the first two arm pairs may be used to feel for or chemically detect prey. Live animals observed in situ typically orient in the water column with the dorsal mantle surface facing upwards and one filament extended well beyond the arms. Disturbed animals pull the arms and web over their body to take on an inverted shape that exposes the black skin and cirri, on the oral surfaces of the webs. In addition to the large four photophores, this species can produce light on its arm tips and squirt luminous clouds from the arm tips consisting of discrete glowing particles, which can glow for up to 10 minutes (Ref. 96968). Members of the class Cephalopoda are gonochoric. Fertilization may either be external or within the mantle cavity. Usually, male and female adults die shortly after spawning and brooding, respectively (Ref. 833).

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 96402)

CITES status (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans




Human uses

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More information

Common names
Synonyms
Predators
Reproduction
Maturity
Spawning
Eggs
Egg development
Age/Size
Growth
Length-weight
Length-length
Morphology
Larvae
Abundance
References
Mass conversion

Internet sources
BHL | BOLD Systems | Check for other websites | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | DiscoverLife | FAO(Publication : search) | GenBank (genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | ispecies | National databases | PubMed | Scirus | FishBase | Tree of Life | uBio | uBio RSS | Wikipedia (Go, Search) | Zoological Record

Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models

Vulnerability (Ref. 71543)
Low vulnerability (10 of 100)
Price category (Ref. 80766)
Unknown