Anthozoa | Scleractinia
Nemenzo, F. Sr. 1986. (Ref. 910)
Size / Weight / Age
Reef-associated; depth range 0 - 40 m (Ref. 848)
Climate / Range
Tropical; 36°N - 31°S, 32°E - 180°E (Ref. 848)
Indo-Pacific: Red Sea to Melanesia, north to Japan and south to Australia.
Formation: hemispherical to flat. Valley: 20 to 25 mm wide, in average; irregularly meandroid, straight in flat colonies. Walls: moderately thick, fleshy, with a grove along the top. Color: widely ranging from red to gray and green, with valleys and walls often of contrasting color. Colonies in Red Sea are commonly cream colored (Ref. 848).
Occurs in upper reef slopes and fringing reefs (Ref. 848). Hermaphroditic (Ref. 113712). Mature gametes are shed into the coelenteron and spawned through the mouth. Life cycle: The zygote develops into a planktonic planula larva. Metamorphosis begins with early morphogenesis of tentacles, septa and pharynx before larval settlement on the aboral end (Ref. 833).
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)
CITES status (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
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Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models