Cephalopoda | Teuthida | Loliginidae
Common names | Synonyms | CoL | ITIS | WoRMS
Roper, C.F.E., M.J. Sweeney and C.E. Nauen. 1984. (Ref. 275)
Size / Weight / Age
Max length : 36.0 cm ML male/unsexed; (Ref. 275); max. published weight: 1.79999995231628 g (Ref. 275)
Reef-associated; depth range 0 - 100 m (Ref. 275)
Climate / Range
Tropical; 42°N - 42°S, 32°E - 154°W (Ref. 275)
Indo-West Pacific and the Mediterranean Sea.
Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions
Also caught by set nets and spears and jigs. Inhabits warm coastal waters. Primarily active at night and is found in shallow waters, from 0 to 100 m in depth. Moves to deeper waters or in proximity to floating driftwood, reefs, rocks, or seagrasses during daylight. Often solitary (Ref. 101164). Voracious (Ref. 101165) and strictly carnivorous (Ref. 101164). Mainly consumes mollusks, fishes (Ref. 101164) and prawns (Ref. 101165). Utilizes its characteristic tentacles to catch live prey (Ref. 101164). Exhibits cannibalism on smaller conspecifics (Ref. 101164) or among size classes (Ref. 101165). Members of the class Cephalopoda are gonochoric. Fertilization may either be external or within the mantle cavity. Usually, male and female adults die shortly after spawning and brooding, respectively (Ref. 833).
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 96402)
CITES status (Ref. 94142)
FAO(fisheries: production) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us |
Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models
Low vulnerability (19 of 100)