Holothuroidea | Dendrochirotida
Lane, D.J.W., L.M. Marsh, VandenSpiegel and F.W.E. Rowe. 2000. (Ref. 81020)
Size / Weight / Age
Benthic; depth range 0 - 30 m (Ref. 81020)
Climate / Range
Western Central Pacific: Singapore.
It lives in aggregations and are found at low tide marks on sandy muddy substrates. It is observed to be partly buried and attached by their tube feet to buried stones or gravel (Ref. 85384). Members of the class Holothuroidea are gonochoric and have only one gonad. Spawning and fertilization are both external and some exhibit brooding. Life cycle: Embryos develop into planktotrophic larvae (auricularia) then into doliolaria (barrel-shaped stage) which later metamorphose into juvenile sea cucumbers (Ref. 833).
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)
CITES status (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
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Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models