Modiolus philippinarum   (Hanley, 1843)

Philippine horse mussel

Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Modiolus philippinarum   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Modiolus philippinarum (Philippine horse mussel)
Modiolus philippinarum
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | CoL | ITIS | WoRMS

Bivalvia | Mytiloida | Mytilidae

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Benthic; depth range 0 - 40 m (Ref. 348).  Tropical

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions

Indo-Pacific: from eastern Africa, to eastern Indonesia; north to Japan and south to Queensland and Western Australia.

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 13.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 348); common length : 8.5 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 348)

Short description Morphology

Shell relatively thin but solid, swollen, elongate-ovate and roughly trapeziform in outline. Anterior margin short, protruding anteriorly well beyond the inflated umbones, posterodorsal margin long, oblique in relation to ventral margin, slightly arched, forming an obtuse and rounded angle with the broadly rounded posterior margin. Ventral margin long and slightly sinuous, with a shallow concavity at about midlength of shell. Outer surface sculptured with numerous concentric growth marks. Periostracum generally smooth. Hinge line smooth, without teeth or crenulations. Anterior adductor scar present. Internal margins smooth. Colour: outside of shell yellowish brown. Interior pearly and off-white to purplish red.

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

On muddy and gravely mudflats. Littoral and sublittoral to a depth of 40 m (Ref. 348). Members of the class Bivalvia are mostly gonochoric, some are protandric hermaphrodites. Life cycle: Embryos develop into free-swimming trocophore larvae, succeeded by the bivalve veliger, resembling a miniature clam (Ref. 833).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Members of the class Bivalvia are mostly gonochoric, some are protandric hermaphrodites. Life cycle: Embryos develop into free-swimming trocophore larvae, succeeded by the bivalve veliger, resembling a miniature clam.

Main reference References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Poutiers, J.M. 1998. (Ref. 348)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES status (Ref. 108899)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless

Human uses

Fisheries: commercial
| FishSource |

More information

Countries
FAO areas
Ecosystems
Occurrences
Introductions
Stocks
Ecology
Diet
Food items
Common names
Synonyms
Predators
Reproduction
Maturity
Spawning
Fecundity
Eggs
Egg development
Age/Size
Growth
Length-weight
Length-length
Morphology
Larvae
Abundance
References
Mass conversion

Internet sources

BHL | BOLD Systems | CISTI | DiscoverLife | FAO(Publication : search) | GenBank (genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | ispecies | PubMed | Scirus | Tree of Life | uBio | uBio RSS | Wikipedia (Go, Search) | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 22.4 - 29.1, mean 28 (based on 1252 cells).
Vulnerability (Ref. 71543)
Low vulnerability (10 of 100)
Price category (Ref. 80766)
High