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Litopenaeus setiferus   (Linnaeus, 1767)

northern white shrimp

Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Litopenaeus setiferus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Litopenaeus setiferus (northern white shrimp)
Picture by FAO

Classification Common names | Synonyms | CoL | ITIS | WoRMS

Malacostraca | Decapoda | Penaeidae

Main reference References | Biblio | Coordinator | Collaborators

Holthuis, L.B. 1980. (Ref. 8)

Size / Weight / Age

Max length : 17.5 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 8); 20 cm TL (female)


Benthic; brackish; depth range 0 - 119 m (Ref. 356)

Climate / Range


Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions

Western Atlantic: from New Jersey, USA to Yucatan, Mexico.

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Maximum carapace length: 4.1 cm (male; Ref. 8). Maximum standard length: 19.0 cm. Maximum depth from Ref. 108758. Occurs at depths from 2 to 90 m in bottom mud or peat with sand or clay in marine (adults) and estuarine (juveniles) environments. Temperate to tropical climates (Ref. 8). Migrates to deeper areas within estuaries as it grows. Juveniles are also found across vegetated marsh edge, oyster reefs, and oyster shell deposits and non-vegetated bottom (Ref. 106898). Regularly uses vegetated intertidal marshes when the habitat is tidally inundated. Omnivore, feeds on live and dead plant and animal matter, including detritus (Ref. 67681) but also an epibenthic predator, feeding on small crustaceans, bivalves, polychaetes and oligochaetes (Ref. 108790). Life cycle: Eggs hatch into planktonic nauplii. The larvae undergo five nauplial, three protozoeal, and three mysis stages; then into two postlarval stages (Refs. 254, 79469). Mating behavior: Precopulatory courtship ritual is common (through olfactory and tactile cues); usually indirect sperm transfer (Ref. 833). Copulation occurs when the male attached its spermatophore to the thelycum of the female (Ref. 109188). Spawning may occur once or up to four times (Ref. 109189). Also Ref. 109189 (Ref. 109223).

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)


CITES status (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

Human uses

Fisheries: commercial; aquaculture: experimental
FAO(Aquaculture: production; fisheries: production) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

Internet sources

BHL | BOLD Systems | Check for other websites | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | DiscoverLife | FAO(fisheries: species profile; publication : search) | GenBank (genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | ispecies | PubMed | Scirus | Sea Around Us | FishBase | Tree of Life | uBio | uBio RSS | Wikipedia (Go, Search) | Zoological Record

Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models

Vulnerability (Ref. 71543)
Low vulnerability (11 of 100)
Price category (Ref. 80766)
Very high