Mammalia | Carnivora
Environment / Climate / Range
Bathydemersal; depth range 0 - 700 m (Ref. 1394). Polar; 0°N - 90°S, 180°W - 180°E
Indo-Pacific, Southern Atlantic and the Antarctic. Subtropical to polar.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 290 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 1394); 330 cm TL (female); max. published weight: 450.0 kg (Ref. 1394)
Found on fast ice and offshore through the pack ice. Feeds on the huge Antarctic cod, fish, with smaller amounts of squid and other invertebrates (Ref. 1394). Found on fast ice and offshore through the pack ice. Feeds on the huge Antarctic cod, fish, with smaller amounts of squid and other invertebrates (Ref. 1394).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Jefferson, T.A., S. Leatherwood and M.A. Webber. 1993. (Ref. 1394)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
FAO(fisheries: | FishSource | Sea Around Us
Estimates of some properties based on models
): -1.8 - 1, mean -1.6 (based on 6026 cells).
High vulnerability (56 of 100)