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Fenneropenaeus indicus   (Milne-Edwards, 1837)

Indian white prawn

Native range | All suitable habitat | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Fenneropenaeus indicus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Fenneropenaeus indicus (Indian white prawn)
Picture by FAO

Malacostraca | Decapoda | Penaeidae
Common names | Synonyms | CoL | ITIS | WoRMS

Main reference
Holthuis, L.B. 1980. (Ref. 8)
References | Biblio | Coordinator | Collaborators

Size / Weight / Age
Max length : 18.4 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 8); 22.7999992370605 cm TL (female); common length : 17.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 8)

Benthic; brackish; depth range 2 - 90 m (Ref. 8), usually ? - 30 m (Ref. 10)

Climate / Range

Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions

Short description
Uniformly glabrous carapace and abdomen. Hepatic and antennal spines on the carapace but no orbital spine. Sigmoidal curved rostrum is armed with 7 or 8 dorsal and 5 or 6 ventral teeth. Telson with no lateral spine. Shallow convexed rostral crest; adrostral carina reaches epigastric teeth; well-defined gastro-orbital carina, which occupies 2/3 distance between hepatic spine and margin of carapace. Color: in life, same as P. merguiensis but slightly more greyish or dull green. Antennal flagellum is yellow or greenish yellow. Posterior half of uropods is yellowish.

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Prefers sand or mud bottom and can tolerate high salinity of more than 45 o/oo (Ref. 10). Adults live in marine environment and juveniles live in estuarine environment (Ref. 8). . Members of the order Decapoda are mostly gonochoric. Mating behavior: Precopulatory courtship ritual is common (through olfactory and tactile cues); usually indirect sperm transfer (Ref. 833).

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 96402)

CITES status (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

Human uses
Fisheries: commercial
FAO(Aquaculture: production, fisheries: production) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us |

Internet sources
BHL | BOLD Systems | Check for other websites | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | DiscoverLife | FAO(Aquaculture: species profile; fisheries: species profile; publication : search) | GenBank (genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | ispecies | National databases | PubMed | Scirus | Sea Around Us | FishBase | Tree of Life | uBio | uBio RSS | Wikipedia (Go, Search) | Zoological Record

Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models

Vulnerability (Ref. 71543)
Low vulnerability (10 of 100)
Price category (Ref. 80766)
Very high