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Eubalaena australis   (Desmoulins, 1822)

southern right whale
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Image of Eubalaena australis (southern right whale)
Picture by FAO

Classification
Mammalia | Cetacea | Balaenidae
Common names | Synonyms | CoL | ITIS | WoRMS

Main reference
Jefferson, T.A., S. Leatherwood and M.A. Webber. 1993. (Ref. 1394)
References | Biblio | Coordinator | Collaborators

Size / Weight / Age
Max length : 1,700 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 1394); max. published weight: 100.0 t (Ref. 1394)

Environment
Pelagic

Climate / Range
Tropical; 0°N - 90°S, 180°W - 180°E

Distribution
Southern hemisphere: Antarctic to temperate waters; occasionally along the northern part of the Antarctic Peninsula. [Chile-Peru population: IUCN 2010 (Ref. 84930): CR, D.]
Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Inhabits oceanic regions. It preys on copepods and krill, particularly on the surface or subsurface skim feeding. Southern right whale populations, like their northern counterparts, have been heavily depleted by commercial whaling. Although not as endangered as the northern’ species, southern right whale populations are still relatively small. Although fully protected by the IWC, there is probably still some hunting for right whales. Despite the threats from whaling, entanglement in fishing gear, vessel collisions, and habitat destruction, some southern right whale populations have shown recent signs of recovery (Ref. 1394). Surface and subsurface skim feeding. Feeds on copepods and krill, apparently sometimes feeding near the bottom (Ref. 1394).

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 96402)

CITES status (Ref. 94142)

Threat to humans




Human uses
Fisheries: commercial
FAO(fisheries: production) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us |

More information

Countries
FAO areas
Ecosystems
Occurrences
Introductions
Stocks
Ecology
Diet
Food items
Common names
Synonyms
Predators
Reproduction
Maturity
Spawning
Eggs
Egg development
Age/Size
Growth
Length-weight
Length-length
Morphology
Larvae
Abundance
References
Mass conversion

Internet sources
BHL | BOLD Systems | Check for other websites | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | DiscoverLife | FAO(fisheries: species profile; publication : search) | GenBank (genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | ispecies | PubMed | Scirus | Sea Around Us | FishBase | Tree of Life | uBio | uBio RSS | Wikipedia (Go, Search) | Zoological Record

Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models

Vulnerability (Ref. 71543)
Very high vulnerability (90 of 100)
Price category (Ref. 80766)
Unknown