Cephalopoda | Octopoda
Environment / Climate / Range
Demersal; depth range 0 - 770 m (Ref. 2175), usually 50 - 300 m (Ref. 2630). Subtropical, preferred 18°C (Ref. 107945); 70°N - 30°N, 26°W - 22°E (Ref. 275)
Northeast Atlantic and the Mediterranean.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 15.8 cm ML male/unsexed; (Ref. 108984); 19.1 cm ML (female); max. published weight: 1.2 kg (Ref. 275)
Maximum length expressed as dorsal mantle length and is based on occurrence (Ref. 108984); to be replaced with a better reference. Females predominate at depths of 30 to 80 m, males at depths below 100 m (Ref. 275). Male spermatangia reach ovary before the release of sperms (Ref. 2569). Also Ref. 80232.
Male spermatangia reach ovary before the release of sperms (Ref. 2569). Also Ref. 80232.
Roper, C.F.E., M.J. Sweeney and C.E. Nauen. 1984. (Ref. 275)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)
CITES status (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: highly commercial
FAO(fisheries: production) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us
Estimates of some properties based on models
): 6.8 - 14.3, mean 9.7 (based on 658 cells; Ref. 115970
Low to moderate vulnerability (30 of 100)