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Dugong dugon   (Müller, 1776)

dugong
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Image of Dugong dugon (dugong)
Picture by Dolar, M. Louella L.

Classification
Mammalia | Sirenia | Dugongidae
Common names | Synonyms | CoL | ITIS | WoRMS

Main reference
Tan, J.M.L. 1995. (Ref. 936)
References | Biblio | Coordinator | Collaborators

Size / Weight / Age
Max length : 303 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 1394); max. published weight: 400.0 kg (Ref. 1394)

Environment
Benthopelagic; depth range 0 - 200 m (Ref. 81173), usually 1 - 40 m

Climate / Range
Tropical; 30°N - 37°S, 32°E - 178°W

Distribution
Indo-Pacific: Dugong dugon hemprichii: Red Sea, Aqaba, Suez Canal; Dugong dugon dugon: Gulf of Aden, Mozambique, Persian Gulf, Pakistan, India, Myanmar, Malay Peninsula, Gulf of Thailand, Vietnam, Gulf of Tonkin, Comoros, Madagascar, Mauritius, Rodriguez, Sri Lanka, Andaman Islands, Indonesia, Ryukyu, Taiwan, Philippines, Guam, Palau, Micronesia, Caroline Is, Papua New Guinea, Solomon, New Caledonia, Australia, Fiji (Ref. 1522).
Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Favor areas with warm shallow water, inshore and reefal seagrass beds (Ref. 936); in bays and channels (Ref. 1394). Feeds on seagrass (Ref. 936). Maximum diving depth of 20.5 m recorded from Australia (Ref. 81173). Found in inshore waters, in bays and channels (Ref. 1394). Favors areas with warm shallow water, inshore and reefal seagrass beds (Ref. 936), particularly on fine sand (Ref. 86921). Occurs in small groups of up to 6 individuals; though, an exception of a herd of to 600 individuals was once recorded between Bahrain and Qatar (Ref. 801). Feeds on a variety of seagrasses (Ref. 936). Preyed upon by tiger sharks (Ref. 49538).

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)

  Vulnerable (VU) (A2bcd+4bcd)

CITES status (Ref. 94142)

Threat to humans




Human uses
Fisheries: of no interest
FAO(fisheries: | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us |

Internet sources
BHL | BOLD Systems | Check for other websites | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | DiscoverLife | FAO(fisheries: species profile; publication : search) | GenBank (genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | ispecies | National databases | PubMed | Scirus | Sea Around Us | FishBase | Tree of Life | uBio | uBio RSS | Wikipedia (Go, Search) | Zoological Record

Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models

Vulnerability (Ref. 71543)
Very high vulnerability (90 of 100)
Price category (Ref. 80766)
Unknown