Mammalia | Cetacea
Environment / Climate / Range
Pelagic; oceanodromous (Ref. 75906); depth range 0 - 8000 m (Ref. 1005). Tropical; 10°C - 28°C (Ref. 75906); 90°N - 90°S, 180°W - 180°E
Indo-Pacific, Atlantic Ocean and Mediterranean and Black Sea. Warm temperate and tropical waters. [Mediterranean population: IUCN 2010 (Ref. 84930): EN, A2abc.]
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?, range 160 - 190 cm Max length : 260 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 1394); 230 cm TL (female); max. published weight: 135.0 kg (Ref. 1394)
Feeds on small schooling fish and squid; at night on creatures associated with the deep scattering layer (DSL), which migrates towards the surface in the dark (Ref. 1394). Preyed upon by great white sharks (Ref. 8891). Length at first maturity ranges from 160 to 190 cm females and 170 to 200 cm for males (Ref. 75906). Usually found offshore. Commonly in large herds of 30 or more individuals (Ref. 801). Feeds on small schooling fish and squid; at night on creatures associated with the deep scattering layer (DSL), which migrates towards the surface in the dark (Ref. 1394). Seasonal reproduction (Ref. 97375).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Seasonal reproduction (Ref. 97375).
Jefferson, T.A., S. Leatherwood and M.A. Webber. 1993. (Ref. 1394)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
FAO(fisheries: production) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us
Estimates of some properties based on models
): 1.3 - 10.3, mean 2.4 (based on 15374 cells).
High vulnerability (61 of 100)