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Delphinus delphis   Linnaeus, 1758

common dolphin
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Image of Delphinus delphis (common dolphin)
Delphinus delphis
Picture by FAO

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | CoL | ITIS | WoRMS

Mammalia | Cetacea | Delphinidae

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Pelagic; oceanodromous (Ref. 75906); depth range 0 - 8000 m (Ref. 1005).  Tropical; 10°C - 28°C (Ref. 75906); 90°N - 90°S, 180°W - 180°E

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions

Indo-Pacific, Atlantic Ocean and Mediterranean and Black Sea. Warm temperate and tropical waters. [Mediterranean population: IUCN 2010 (Ref. 84930): EN, A2abc.]

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?, range 160 - 190 cm Max length : 260 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 1394); 230 cm TL (female); max. published weight: 135.0 kg (Ref. 1394)

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Feeds on small schooling fish and squid; at night on creatures associated with the deep scattering layer (DSL), which migrates towards the surface in the dark (Ref. 1394). Preyed upon by great white sharks (Ref. 8891). Length at first maturity ranges from 160 to 190 cm females and 170 to 200 cm for males (Ref. 75906). Usually found offshore. Commonly in large herds of 30 or more individuals (Ref. 801). Feeds on small schooling fish and squid; at night on creatures associated with the deep scattering layer (DSL), which migrates towards the surface in the dark (Ref. 1394). Seasonal reproduction (Ref. 97375).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Seasonal reproduction (Ref. 97375).

Main reference References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Jefferson, T.A., S. Leatherwood and M.A. Webber. 1993. (Ref. 1394)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES status (Ref. 108899)

Threat to humans

Human uses

Fisheries: commercial
FAO(fisheries: production) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

More information

Age/Size
Growth
Length-weight
Length-length
Morphology
Larvae
Abundance
References
Mass conversion

Internet sources

BHL | BOLD Systems | CISTI | DiscoverLife | FAO(fisheries: species profile; publication : search) | GenBank (genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | ispecies | PubMed | Scirus | Tree of Life | uBio | uBio RSS | Wikipedia (Go, Search) | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 1.3 - 10.3, mean 2.4 (based on 15374 cells).
Vulnerability (Ref. 71543)
High vulnerability (61 of 100)
Price category (Ref. 80766)
Unknown