Clangula hyemalis   (Linnaeus, 1758)

long-tailed duck
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Clangula hyemalis
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | CoL | ITIS | WoRMS

Aves | Anseriformes | Anatidae

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Others; freshwater; depth range 0 - 60 m (Ref. 83519), usually 0 - 3 m (Ref. 115862).  Temperate

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions

Pacific Ocean and Northern Atlantic and the Arctic: Alaska, Canada, Russia and USA.

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 51.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 94965); max. published weight: 648.50 g (Ref. 356)

Short description Morphology

Culmen: 2.65 cm; tarsus: 3.495 cm; wing: 22.0 cm.

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Maximum common depth based on occurrence (Ref. 115862). To be replaced with a better reference. Primarily lives in coastal marine waters approximately 9 months in a year. During breeding season, it frequents shallow wetlands towards the edge of the boreal forest; while non-breeding birds use deeper ponds, lakes and nearshore marine areas. Winter along the Pacific coast from the Bering Sea to as far as California; and some from Alaska may reach the northern Bering Sea across to Russia Foraging behavior involves diving and swimming underwater up to a depth of less than 9 meters. This duck has been recorded to dive up to 60 meters (Ref. 83519). Common diving depth is 2-3 m (9-10 ft) (Ref. 115862).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Sea Duck Joint Venture. 2003. (Ref. 83519)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

  Vulnerable (VU) (A4bce)

CITES status (Ref. 108899)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Threat to humans

Human uses


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More information

Countries
FAO areas
Ecosystems
Occurrences
Introductions
Stocks
Ecology
Diet
Food items
Common names
Synonyms
Predators
Reproduction
Maturity
Spawning
Fecundity
Eggs
Egg development
Age/Size
Growth
Length-weight
Length-length
Morphology
Larvae
Abundance
References
Mass conversion

Internet sources

BHL | BOLD Systems | CISTI | DiscoverLife | FAO(Publication : search) | GenBank (genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | ispecies | PubMed | Scirus | Tree of Life | uBio | uBio RSS | Wikipedia (Go, Search) | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 0.4 - 14, mean 6 (based on 3047 cells).
Price category (Ref. 80766)
Unknown