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Callinectes sapidus   Rathbun, 1896

blue crab

Native range | All suitable habitat | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Callinectes sapidus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Callinectes sapidus (blue crab)
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Malacostraca | Decapoda | Portunidae
Common names | Synonyms | CoL | ITIS | WoRMS

Main reference
Tavares, M. 2003. (Ref. 367)
References | Biblio | Coordinator | Collaborators

Size / Weight / Age
Max length : 22.7 cm WD male/unsexed; (Ref. 367)

Demersal; freshwater; brackish; depth range 0 - 90 m (Ref. 367), usually 0 - 35 m (Ref. 367)

Climate / Range

Western Atlantic. Introduced in the eastern Atlantic, North Sea, Mediterranean Sea, Adriatic Sea, Black Sea and Indo-Pacific. Tropical to temperate.
Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions

Short description
Carapace more than twice as broad as long; 9 blunt to acuminate teeth (outer orbital tooth and strong lateral spine included) on arched anterolateral margin; front (excluding inner orbital angles) bearing 2 obtuse to acuminate, broadly triangular teeth with often sinuous inner margins longer than outer margins. Much of convex dorsal surface smooth, but scattered and transverse lines of fine granules; sculpture of regions near center varying from low and smooth to rather sharply raised relief with crowded granules; pincers strong, dissimilar, and ridged longitudinally; fifth legs flattened in form of paddles. Males with T-shaped abdomen level of thoracic sternite 4; slender first pleopods with membranous tip reaching beyond suture between thoracic sternites 4 and 5; sinuously curved overlapping proximally and armed distally with a row of large and small retrogressive spinules. Color: greyish, bluish, or brownish green. Males with propodi of chelae blue on inner and white on outer surfaces, fingers blue on inner and white on outer surfaces and tipped with red. Mature females with orange fingers on chelae tipped with purple. Underparts off-white with tints of yellow and pink. Color variations is associated with sexual dimorphism and molt cycle.

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

An epibenthic omnivore, that is active and abundant in shallow habitats (Ref. 087949). Hatching occurs in mouths of estuaries and shallow marine waters, development of larvae progresses in the ocean, followed by migration of megalopae and young crabs back into estuarine waters to mature into adults (Ref. 367). Members of the order Decapoda are mostly gonochoric. Mating behavior: Precopulatory courtship ritual is common (through olfactory and tactile cues); usually indirect sperm transfer (Ref. 833).

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 96402)

CITES status (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

Human uses
Fisheries: commercial
FAO(Aquaculture: production; fisheries: production) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us |

Internet sources
BHL | BOLD Systems | Check for other websites | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | DiscoverLife | FAO(fisheries: species profile; publication : search) | GenBank (genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | ispecies | National databases | PubMed | Scirus | Sea Around Us | FishBase | Tree of Life | uBio | uBio RSS | Wikipedia (Go, Search) | Zoological Record

Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models

Vulnerability (Ref. 71543)
Low vulnerability (13 of 100)
Price category (Ref. 80766)
Very high