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Arctocephalus australis   (Zimmermann, 1783)

South American fur seal
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Arctocephalus australis
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | CoL | ITIS | WoRMS

Mammalia | Carnivora | Otariidae

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Bathydemersal.  Subtropical; 0°N - 90°S, 180°W - 180°E

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions

Eastern Pacific and Southwest Atlantic: Arctocephalus australis gracilis: Peru, southern Brazil, Uruguay, Argentina, Chile (Ref. 1394, 1522); vagrant to Colombia and Juan Fernandez Islands (Ref. 1522); Arctocephalus australis australis: Falkland Islands (Ref. 1522). Tropical to temperate climates.

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 190 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 1394); 140 cm TL (female); max. published weight: 200.0 kg (Ref. 1394); max. published weight: 200.0 kg

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Inhabits primarily coastal, continental shelf and slope waters; and there are records from more than 600 km offshore. Feeds on small schooling fish and invertebrates such as cephalopods, crustaceans and gastropods. Found primarily coastal, continental shelf and slope waters; there are records from more than 600 km offshore. Feeds on small schooling fish and invertebrates such as cephalopods, crustaceans and gastropods (Ref. 1394). Pups are born in dense breeding colonies. Perinatal attendance averages one week, then mothers forage offshore several days at a time. Upon arrival from sea, mother and pup reunites using vocalization signals and olfactory cues, i.e., naso-nasal contact. Lactation lasts at least 12 months (Ref. 80406).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Pups are born in dense breeding colonies. Perinatal attendance averages one week, then mothers forage offshore several days at a time. Upon arrival from sea, mother and pup reunites using vocalization signals and olfactory cues, i.e., naso-nasal contact. Lactation lasts at least 12 months.

Main reference References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Jefferson, T.A., S. Leatherwood and M.A. Webber. 1993. (Ref. 1394)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES status (Ref. 108899)

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Threat to humans

Human uses

Fisheries: commercial
FAO(fisheries: production) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

More information

Common names
Synonyms
Predators
Reproduction
Maturity
Spawning
Fecundity
Eggs
Egg development
Age/Size
Growth
Length-weight
Length-length
Morphology
Larvae
Abundance
References
Mass conversion

Internet sources

BHL | BOLD Systems | CISTI | DiscoverLife | FAO(fisheries: species profile; publication : search) | GenBank (genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | ispecies | PubMed | Scirus | Tree of Life | uBio | uBio RSS | Wikipedia (Go, Search) | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Vulnerability (Ref. 71543)
Moderate to high vulnerability (52 of 100)
Price category (Ref. 80766)
Unknown