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Arctocephalus australis   (Zimmermann, 1783)

South American fur seal
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Image of Arctocephalus australis (South American fur seal)
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Classification Common names | Synonyms | CoL | ITIS | WoRMS

Mammalia | Carnivora | Otariidae

Main reference References | Biblio | Coordinator | Collaborators

Jefferson, T.A., S. Leatherwood and M.A. Webber. 1993. (Ref. 1394)

Size / Weight / Age

Max length : 190 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 1394); 140 cm TL (female); max. published weight: 200.0 kg (Ref. 1394); max. published weight: 200.0 kg

Environment

Bathydemersal

Climate / Range

Subtropical; 0°N - 90°S, 180°W - 180°E

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions

Eastern Pacific and Southwest Atlantic: Arctocephalus australis gracilis: Peru, southern Brazil, Uruguay, Argentina, Chile (Ref. 1394, 1522); vagrant to Colombia and Juan Fernandez Islands (Ref. 1522); Arctocephalus australis australis: Falkland Islands (Ref. 1522). Tropical to temperate climates.

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Inhabits primarily coastal, continental shelf and slope waters; and there are records from more than 600 km offshore. Feeds on small schooling fish and invertebrates such as cephalopods, crustaceans and gastropods. Found primarily coastal, continental shelf and slope waters; there are records from more than 600 km offshore. Feeds on small schooling fish and invertebrates such as cephalopods, crustaceans and gastropods (Ref. 1394). Pups are born in dense breeding colonies. Perinatal attendance averages one week, then mothers forage offshore several days at a time. Upon arrival from sea, mother and pup reunites using vocalization signals and olfactory cues, i.e., naso-nasal contact. Lactation lasts at least 12 months (Ref. 80406).

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)

CITES status (Ref. 94142)

Threat to humans

Human uses

Fisheries: commercial
FAO(fisheries: production) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

More information

Common names
Synonyms
Predators
Reproduction
Maturity
Spawning
Eggs
Egg development
Age/Size
Growth
Length-weight
Length-length
Morphology
Larvae
Abundance
References
Mass conversion

Internet sources

BHL | BOLD Systems | Check for other websites | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | DiscoverLife | FAO(fisheries: species profile; publication : search) | GenBank (genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | ispecies | National databases | PubMed | Scirus | Sea Around Us | FishBase | Tree of Life | uBio | uBio RSS | Wikipedia (Go, Search) | Zoological Record

Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models

Vulnerability (Ref. 71543)
Moderate to high vulnerability (52 of 100)
Price category (Ref. 80766)
Unknown