Mammalia | Carnivora
Jefferson, T.A., S. Leatherwood and M.A. Webber. 1993. (Ref. 1394)
Size / Weight / Age
Max length : 190 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 1394); 140 cm TL (female); max. published weight: 200.0 kg (Ref. 1394); max. published weight: 200.0 kg
Climate / Range
Subtropical; 0°N - 90°S, 180°W - 180°E
Eastern Pacific and Southwest Atlantic: Arctocephalus australis gracilis: Peru, southern Brazil, Uruguay, Argentina, Chile (Ref. 1394, 1522); vagrant to Colombia and Juan Fernandez Islands (Ref. 1522); Arctocephalus australis australis: Falkland Islands (Ref. 1522). Tropical to temperate climates.
Inhabits primarily coastal, continental shelf and slope waters; and there are records from more than 600 km offshore. Feeds on small schooling fish and invertebrates such as cephalopods, crustaceans and gastropods. Found primarily coastal, continental shelf and slope waters; there are records from more than 600 km offshore. Feeds on small schooling fish and invertebrates such as cephalopods, crustaceans and gastropods (Ref. 1394). Pups are born in dense breeding colonies. Perinatal attendance averages one week, then mothers forage offshore several days at a time. Upon arrival from sea, mother and pup reunites using vocalization signals and olfactory cues, i.e., naso-nasal contact. Lactation lasts at least 12 months (Ref. 80406).
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)
CITES status (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
FAO(fisheries: production) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us
Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models
Moderate to high vulnerability (52 of 100)