You can sponsor this page

Actinopyga mauritiana   (Quoy & Gaimard, 1833)

surf redfish

Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Actinopyga mauritiana   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
Upload your photos and videos
| All pictures | Google image |
Image of Actinopyga mauritiana (surf redfish)
Picture by Purcell, Steven

Classification Common names | Synonyms | CoL | ITIS | WoRMS

Holothuroidea | Aspidochirotida | Holothuriidae

Main reference References | Biblio | Coordinator | Collaborators

Conand, C. 1998. (Ref. 122)

Size / Weight / Age

Max length : 35.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 122); common length : 20.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 122); max. published weight: 1.0 kg (Ref. 418)


Reef-associated; depth range 0 - 20 m (Ref. 122), usually 1 - 3 m (Ref. 92930)

Climate / Range


Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions


Short description

Maximum width: 10 cm (Ref. 418). Body wall thickness: 0.6 cm. Body elongate, arched dorsally (bivium and flattened ventrally (trivium). Bivium sometimes wrinkled; wider in the middle; and tapering towards both ends. Papillae on bivium long and slender. Podia numerous on trivium, stout and crowded on the radii and interadii; calcareous disc of podia around 500 micrometer in diameter. Mouth ventral, surrounded by 25 short and stout tentacles, with a large collar of long papillae at their base. Anus surrounded by 25 stout anal teeth. Calcareous ring showing large radial pieces and interradials with triangular top. Cuvierian tubules few (10), short pink, and never expelled. Color of bivium variable, usually dark brown, with more or less distinct whitish spots. Trivium grains, rods bearing small spines, and denticulate pseudo-plates; dorsal tegument without grains, but with rosettes and denticulate rods; podia with some spinous rods and large rosettes. Tentacles with large rods bearing small spines.

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Harvested by artisanal fisheries throughout the Western Central Pacific, but probably less frequently than other species of Actinopyga. Collected by hand while wading on the reef at low tide. Processed product is not distinguished from those of other Actinopyga species; moderate commercial value. Dwelling in very shallow waters, rarely found in depths of more than 20 m; mostly on outer reef flats of barrier reefs and fringing reefs exposed to strong hydrodynamism (Ref. 122). Occasionally found in seagrass beds, attached to coral stones. Active both day and night. Feeds on detritus lying on hard reef substrates (Ref. 92930). Most abundant in the surf zone where populations can reach high densities more than 1 per square meter (Ref. 122). Sexual reproduction takes place during warm season. A species with a high potential fecundity and early sexual maturity (Ref. 122). Spawning occurs between the months of December and January (Ref. 99899).

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)

  Vulnerable (VU) (A2bd)

CITES status (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans


Human uses

Fisheries: commercial
| FisheriesWiki |

More information

FAO areas
Food items

Internet sources

BHL | BOLD Systems | Check for other websites | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | DiscoverLife | FAO(Publication : search) | GenBank (genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | ispecies | National databases | PubMed | Scirus | FishBase | Tree of Life | uBio | uBio RSS | Wikipedia (Go, Search) | Zoological Record

Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models

Vulnerability (Ref. 71543)
Low vulnerability (25 of 100)
Price category (Ref. 80766)