Clione limacina   (Phipps, 1774)

sea angel

Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Clione limacina   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Clione limacina
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | CoL | ITIS | WoRMS

Gastropoda | Gymnosomata | Clionidae

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Pelagic; depth range 0 - 600 m (Ref. 2376).  Temperate

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions

Cosmopolitan. Temperate to polar.

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 4.0 cm DL male/unsexed; (Ref. 83435)

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

It feeds on Spiratella by everting its six, adhesive buccal cones; the prey is extracted completely from its shell by insertion of chitinous hooks into the prey's body (Ref. 92383). Also feeds on the thecosome Limacina (Ref. 2376). It uses its wing-like parapodia to swim (Ref. 92384). Two distinct larval forms: shelled veliger hatches from the egg and later undergoes metamorphosis by losing its shell and develops into a polytrochous larva. The latter undergoes body elongation, growth of wings and disappearance of ciliary bands to adult stage (Ref. 92383).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Two distinct larval forms: shelled veliger hatches from the egg and later undergoes metamorphosis by losing its shell and develops into a polytrochous larva. The latter undergoes body elongation, growth of wings and disappearance of ciliary bands to adult stage.

Main reference References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Turgeon, D.D., J.F. Quinn Jr., A.E. Bogan, E.V. Coan, F.G. Hochberg, W.G. Lyons, P.M. Mikkelsen, R.J. Neves, C.F.E. Roper, G. Rosenberg, B. Roth, A. Scheltema, F.G. Thompson, M. Vecchione and J.D. Willams. 1998. (Ref. 1667)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES status (Ref. 108899)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

Human uses


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More information

Common names
Synonyms
Predators
Reproduction
Maturity
Spawning
Fecundity
Eggs
Egg development
Age/Size
Growth
Length-weight
Length-length
Morphology
Larvae
Abundance

Internet sources

BHL | BOLD Systems | CISTI | DiscoverLife | FAO(Publication : search) | GenBank (genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | ispecies | PubMed | Scirus | Tree of Life | uBio | uBio RSS | Wikipedia (Go, Search) | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Price category (Ref. 80766)
Unknown